SELECTING A SITE
There are two main possible scenarios when selecting a site for a P3DM project.
1. The facilitator is asked to introduce P3DM upon the request of a local community or local stakeholders, e.g. NGO, government authorities. This is the best case scenario as it is likely that a local stakeholder will take the lead in implementing the project and the long-term monitoring of the tool.
2. In the second scenario, the facilitator, as an outside stakeholder, picks a site which seems relevant and in need of such a methodology for improving local DRR practices. In that case a long period of consultation and rapport building (see Step 2) is required to evaluate whether there really is a need and commitment on the side of the local community and stakeholders.
In any case, selecting a site for a P3DM project should conduct a baseline survey and consider the following issues:
1. The community has to be vulnerable in facing one or more hazards. NGOs (as well as government authorities and academic researchers) should try to make initial disaster risk assessment using tools such as key information interviews, focus group discussion, and ethnographic research methods such as participant observation and life story. These tools would provide initial assessment of the current situation in the community.
2. The P3DM should benefit the local people, particularly the most marginalized sectors.
3. The project must be accepted and desired by the community. It is necessary to conduct community immersion and in the process encourage the local people to participate. Otherwise, you are risking not having participants on the day of the activity. Such a baseline survey is essential for eventually monitoring the participation process and outcomes of the project. It provides both the rationale for the activities and an initial reference-point in terms of disaster risk in the community, which the project should aim at reducing.